Treating gum recession

Our staff specializing in treating gum recession includes:

Dental recession means that the surface of a tooth root has been uncovered. Gum recession happens when the gum edge is below the border of enamel and cement. It leads to the uncovering of the tooth root, exposing it to the harmful effect of external factors. A tooth root uncovered in this process is characterized by sensitivity and the lack of damage resistance. Teeth affected by gum recession are particularly susceptible to tooth decay. Creeping down gums lead to the pain of tooth necks, but also to the atrophy of the periodontal bone, which is not well-covered and nourished. In some cases, tooth recession is related to pulp inflammation and, as a result, to the necessity to undergo endodontic treatment. In the worst-case scenario, recession may lead to tooth looseness and tooth loss.

There are many reasons for recession, such as:

  • incorrect brushing technique;
  • long-term inflammation around the tooth;
  • occlusion defects;
  • gum biotype;
  • incorrectly made prosthetic and conservative filling;
  • occlusion overload;
  • effects of orthodontic treatment.

In case of uncovered tooth necks, it is very important that patients struggling with this problem brush their teeth correctly. A seemingly banal and basic activity may cause gum deterioration. It should be remembered how important it is to adjust the brushing technique to the teeth condition. Special attention should be paid to preventing forming calculus. Brush bristle softness is also important; for problems with gum recession, brushes with soft or medium soft bristle are recommended.

There are several advancement levels of gum recession:

Level I
This level of recession includes only dental alveolus gum and is the most promising recession class, which means that it is a lot easier and less invasive to prevent it.

Level II
Recession reaches or transgresses mucous membrane.

Level III
Recession reaches or transgresses mucous membrane. It may also involve the loss of gum in interdental spaces or incorrect tooth position.

Level IV
It involves the recession of mucous membranes and an extensive loss of gum tissue and bones in interdental spaces.

Treating recession starts with eliminating factors that cause damage to tooth necks. First, we need to remove calculus and deposits which stay on the teeth. Patients suffering from recession should be taught how to correctly brush their teeth and maintain oral cavity hygiene. It is also very important to change the brush and choose one which is not so harmful for gums.

Treating gum recession is based on fixing gum tissue which has been lost. To achieve it, a surgical procedure classified as periodontal surgery (the surgery of mucous membranes and gums), which aims at reconstructing receding gums is performed. A precise method of gum reconstruction and treating gum recession is selected individually to each patient, after a detailed interview is conducted.

Procedures performed in order to treat gum recession include grafting tissue collected from the palate or moving a patch of mucous membrane from the area of recession. Another way may be to use a controlled regeneration method. This method involves filling in missing bones, and the type of filling is selected by a doctor suitably to the patient’s health.